Does the middle income class will benefit from new tax slabs in FY 2023-24?

Making the new income tax regime the default option was one of several changes to the country’s income tax structure that India’s finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman proposed in her Budget 2023 speech. The FM also made modifications to the tax structure under this regime by lowering the number of slabs to five and raising the tax exemption threshold to 3 lakh, in addition to raising the rebate ceiling from 5 lakh to 7 lakh. The new income tax regime was also declared the default tax regime in Budget 2023, however, residents would still be able to avail the benefits of old tax regime.

 

“It is currently recommended to make the new tax law for people and HUFs the default tax law. People with income up to Rs. 7 lakh would not be required to pay any tax under the new tax system because the personal tax rebate limit has been raised to Rs. 7 lakh. The new regime has increased slab charges from Rs. 2.50 lakhs to Rs. 3 lakhs and decreased slabs from 7 to 6. Additionally, under the new system, the highest surcharge for income over Rs. 2 crores will be 25%, bringing the top rate down from around 42.7% to 39%. There is no change in the surcharge for those who opt to be governed under the old regime.”

 

income tax
The new regime with new slabs and tax rates

The new tax regime will be the “Default Tax Regime”. In the new regime ONLY, NIL tax is payable up to Rs. 7 lac (earlier it was 5 lac).

 

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“Rebate u/s 87A has been revised from Rs. 12,500 to Rs. 25,000. That makes NIL tax up to Rs. 7 Lakhs of income. Standard deduction of Rs. 50,000 to salaried individuals, and deduction from family pensions up to Rs. 15,000/-, is currently allowed only under the old regime. These two deductions are now allowed in NEW TAX REGIME as well,”

 

 

New Surcharge Rates (Only in NEW TAX REGIME) are as follows:
  • 10% if Income is above 50 lacs and up to 1 crore
  • 15% if income is above 1 crore and up to 2 crores,
  • 25% if income is above 2 crores and up to 5 crores,
  • 25% (earlier it was 37%) if income is above 5 crores.

 

This would reduce the maximum rate from about 42.7 percent to about 39 percent,

 

income tax

 

“Also, under the new regime, standard deduction shall be available to the salaried class of people, which is not available currently. Deduction from family pension up to Rs. 15,000 shall also be available under the new regime. Any individual, HUF, AOP (other than co-operative), BOI, or AJP not willing to be taxed under this new regime can opt to be taxed under the old regime. Persons having income under the head “profit and gains of business or profession” and having opted for the existing regime, can revoke that option only once and after that, they will continue to be taxed under the new regime. For those not having income under the head “profit and gains of business or profession”, the option for the old regime may be exercised each year,”

 

Read More: Union Budget 2023-24: Proposed Changes in GST Law

 

“In an announcement typical for the pre-election budget – in the new tax regime, she increased the tax exemption up to 7 lac per year from 5 lac per year. She has reformed the taxation rates with 0 tax up to 3lakhs and reformatted the overall personal tax in the new regime. In the new regime, savings-based exemptions are not applicable; hence, the middle-class taxpayer who avails the tax exemption on insurance and savings is not too excited. The FM also reduced the tax surcharge rate to 25% from 37%. She estimated an outlay of 35000 crores due to this. The broader benefit to the middle-class income taxpayer is debatable as in the new regime, the 80C benefits are lower. The large taxpayers will see the benefits of this move, but the broader middle class will not see much of a benefit.”