Is there a Limit for Refund claim under Section 11B?

Article 265 of the Constitution of India expresses that “No expense will be demanded or gathered with the exception of by the specialist of law”.

Where a rule does not accommodate any duty or gathering of expenses, the Government will not gather such duties. Along these lines, any expense transmitted by the citizen in this situation will be discounted to the citizen.

On account of expense paid as Central Excise or Service Tax, Section 11B of the Central Excise Act, 1944 (Excise Act) permits the maker or the individual who has borne the frequency of assessment to guarantee discount of any obligation of extract and intrigue, if he makes an application for discount inside a time of one year from the date of installment of obligation.

While a nine judge seat of the Supreme Court has held that discount application will not be engaged past the time of one year.However, different High Courts have conceded discount past time of one year. The pertinent choices are talked about in the accompanying passages.

Nine Judges seat in Mafatlal Industries

The Hon’ble Supreme Court in Mafatlal Industries Ltd. v. Association of India1997 (89) ELT 247 (SC) held that no case for discount of any obligation will be engaged aside from as per the arrangements of the rule. Each case for discount of extract obligation can be made just under and as per Section 11B of the Excise Act. Be that as it may, the main special case is the place the arrangement of the Act under which obligation has been demanded is observed to be unlawful.

The Apex court in Mafatlal Industries Ltd. (supra) saw that the Central Excise Act and the Rules made thereunder including Section 11B also establish “law” inside the significance of Article 265 and no case for discount is viable with the exception of and in understanding therewith. The Apex court underlined that “the arrangements of the Central Excise Act likewise establish “law” inside the importance of Article 265 and any accumulation or maintenance of assessment in agreement or as per the said arrangements is gathering or maintenance under “the specialist of law” inside the significance of the said Article”.

Accordingly, the nine judge seat of the Hon’ble Supreme Court has completely held that a discount can’t be conceded past the time of one year gave under Section 11B of Excise Act.

In spite of the above choice of Apex Court, different High Courts have practiced their forces under Article 226 of Constitution of India to allow discount past a time of one year.

Curiously, Hon’ble Bombay High Court in a focal extract claim analyzed the issue close by in Parijat Construction v. CCE 2018 (359) ELT 113 (Bom.), wherein the court has held as pursues:

We are of the view that the condemned request is wrong in that it applies the restriction recommended under Section 11B of the Act to the present case were in fact litigant had made good on a Service Regulatory obligation on Commercial or Industrial Construction Service despite the fact that such administration isn’t leviable to support charge. We are of the view that the choices depended upon by the Appellate Tribunal don’t bolster the instance of the respondent in dismissing the discount guarantee on the ground that it was banished by restriction. We are, along these lines, of the view that the denounced request is unsustainable.

Along these lines, the Hon’ble High Court has held that the confinement time of one year will not be material for duty paid under misstep of law.

Bigger Bench – Veer Associates

Ensuing to this choice, the bigger seat of CESTAT on account of Veer Overseas Ltd. v. CCE and ST [2018] 89 256 (Chd. – CESTAT) managed this issue, The subject of law which was confined and alluded to the Larger Bench was in connection to a case for discount wherein the administration charge gathered without the expert of law, past the statutory time as endorsed under segment 11B of Central Excise Act, 1944, can be engaged or something else.

The Hon’ble CESTAT in the wake of alluding to different entries in Mafatlal Industries (Supra) held that as far as possible endorsed under area 11B of Central Excise Act 1944 will administer the cases of discount of administration charge.

3E Infotech

As of late, the Hon’ble Madras High Court, on account of 3E Infotech v. CE, ST AT and CCE 2018 (18) GSTL 410 (Mad.) held that when administration charge is paid unintentionally, a case for discount can’t be banned by restriction, simply in light of the fact that the time of impediment under Section 11B had lapsed. The Hon’ble High Court additionally held that if the Revenue is permitted to keep the abundance administration charge paid, it would not be legitimate, and against the precepts of Article 265 of the Constitution of India.

In like manner, the Hon’ble High Court conceded discount for application documented past time of one year as gave in Section 11B.

The said choice of Hon’ble High Court has been trailed by the Hon’ble Hyderabad Bench of CESTAT in GMR Vemagiri Power Generation Ltd. v. CCCE [Appeals No. ST/1748/2012, ST/28203/2013, dated 1-11-2013].

It is intriguing to take note of that the choice in Parijat Constructions and 3E Infotech have neglected to consider the choice of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in Mafatlal Industries.

The above choices have come as an alleviation to citizens who have wrongly transmitted the charges, it will intrigue perceive how income specialists manage such cases, as it will open a conduit for discount applications.

Further, the proportion set down in the above choices might be connected in the GST routine too.

Citizens will exploit the present legitimate position and apply for discount where the assessments have been wrongly dispatched.